Age appropriate fine motor skills, sensory processing needs, and visual motor skills (for example, handwriting, hand eye coordination, and coloring). Occupational therapy focuses on self-care, work, and leisure activities involved in daily living (occupation is how we spend our time).
- Occupational therapists assess clients and develop a treatment plan to facilitate sensory integration, work towards developmental milestones, and encourage functional participation to each client’s maximal potential.
- Occupational therapists work with clients to strengthen skills of daily living to improve independence and safety in school, home, and community settings.
- Occupational therapists can provide consultation on accessibility needs, adaptive equipment, functional splinting needs, and community resources pertaining to each individual’s needs.
Age appropriate gross motor skills (such as running, jumping) hand-eye coordination, and balance
- Physical therapists assess clients and develop a treatment plan that works towards promoting movement, restoring function, reducing pain, and preventing disability.
- Physical therapists address fitness and wellness through personalized programs to promote healthier lifestyles and prevent dysfunction.
- Using a variety of treatment strategies, physical therapy can address needs for building strength, improving movement, and increasing functional mobility.
Speech language therapy:
Age appropriate speech sound production, expressive/receptive language skills, social language use, and functional communication skills. Speech-language pathologists address a variety of areas, including the following:
- Speech Sound Disorders – refers to speech sound production. Speech-language pathologists address atypical production of speech sounds or patterns of errors within speech, such as substitutions or omissions, which may interfere with intelligibility.
- Language Disorders – refers to impaired comprehension and/or production of language. Speech-language pathologists address receptive language skills, such as comprehension of directions, questions, and vocabulary, as well as expressive language skills, such as formulating sentences and using age appropriate grammatical structures. In addition, speech-language pathologists address pragmatic language skills. Pragmatics refers to the functional and social uses of language. Skills targeted may include appropriate eye contact, conversational turn taking, topic maintenance, and social problem solving.
- Fluency – refers to an inappropriate flow of speech. Fluency disorders, often referred to as stuttering, range in severity and can often include repetition of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases, prolongations of sounds, or blocks of voicing or airflow during speech. Disfluent speech can also present with secondary behaviors such as repetitive movements, facial grimacing, or changes in vocal pitch. Visibly excessive tension and negative feelings toward speaking can occur as well.
- AAC – stands for Augmentative/Alternative Communication. AAC includes any and all forms of communication other than oral speech that assist individuals with severe deficits in the areas of speech or language. AAC systems or devices can be implemented temporarily or permanently to help provide individuals with an alternative way to express themselves.
Interested in any of these therapies, but don’t know where to start? We can help.